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16-244

vihuela de mano / guitarra

Angel playing vihuela, Old Cathedral, Coimbra

ARTWORK The old cathedral in Coimbra dates from the 12th century, but the Capilla del Santísimo Sacramento was built on the right hand side of the nave by Jean de Rouen in 1566. The chapel is designed with Christ and the Apostles on high as if in Council,

16-249

lute

Courtier playing the lute

ARTWORK This pen and ink drawing is found on the title page of the copy of Mudarra’s Tres libros de música held by the Biblioteca Nacional de España in Madrid. It must have been added at some stage by an owner of the book. The figure appears to represent

16-250

vihuela de mano

Ordenanzas de violeros (1556, 1661).

Antiguas Ordenanzas de la Ciudad y Campos, Archivo Histórico de Málaga. Examined by Eusebio Rioja (rioja1990-1). Based on the Ordenanzas published in Seville in 1527, these first regulations for the examination of violeros in Málaga was published in a ver

16-252

vihuela de mano

Angel Vihuelist from “La Virgen con el Niño y San Juanito”.

ARTWORK The Museum’s catalogue describes this work as anonymous and dates it to the first half of the 16th century. Elsewhere it is described as a Spanish “mannerist” work which would date it more likely 1530-1580. It depicts “The Virgin with Child and Sa

16-302

vihuela de mano

Pedro de Madrid playing the vihuela (Sevilla, 1599),

ARTWORK One of the pen and ink, and watercolour portraits in Francsico Pacheco’s Libro de descripción. It is placed at the beginning of the eulogy of the virtues of this gentleman musician. INSTRUMENT The vihuela is only partially illustrated. It seems

16-303

vihuela de mano

Japanese woman playing the vihuela

ARTWORK Painted on paper glued to cloth. There seem to be more than one copy of this painting. The one shown here is from the Kobe Municipal Museum, given to me by David Irving on 23 July 2001, sent to him by Isaku Ogawa, and attributed to Nobukata. Anot

16-303a

vihuela de mano

Yamato Bumko Museum, Nara Japan. Painting. Paper glued to cloth.

A photo reproduced from omata1977 suggests that the picture has been restored (see reproduction at http://www.vihuelademano.com/rcmdias.htm) [Batov] This same site gives also another version of the same painting in which the Japanese vihuelist is observed

16-304

vihuela de mano

Vihuela, 16th century, Paris, Musée de la Musique.

INSTRUMENT Vihuela, later 16th century. Maker, place and date unknown. Paris, Musée de la Musique, (E.0748). The instrument has no indication of its provenance. Description: Vaulted back of 7 fluted ribs. It has quite a wide body for its length. Soundboa

16-305

vihuela de mano

Vihuelist, in “Allegory of Music,” fresco by Niccolò Granello

ARTWORK A pastoral figure playing a vihuela from a scene described by Corona-Alcalde (corona2004-1, 23, n. 31) as an “Allegory of Music, by Nicholas Granello, who was active at El Escorial in the decoration of the building from 1581-1591. INSTRUMENT The

16-306

vihuela de mano

Vihuela or guitar, by Belchior Dias, Lisbon 1581.

INSTRUMENT This instrument, a vihuela or guitar, built in Lisbon in 1581 by Belchior Dieas, is held in the collection of the Royal College of Music, London, inventory number RCM0171 With an outline tht shows clear evidence of having been designed using p

16-315

vihuela de mano

Vihuela or guitar

INSTRUMENT Whether this instrument should be called a vihuela or a guitar is disputed. One of the oldest surviving Spanish instruments, possibly from the late 16th or early 17th centuries. Originally it could have been either a five-course or six-course i

16-329

vihuela de mano

Vihuela belonging to Diego de Tovar.

In one of the two inventories complied in 1587 of the possessions of the recently deceased Valladolid patrician Doctor Diego de Tovar is a large ebony vihuela “Una viguela grande de éuano” – a large ebony vihuela [document D1044]. From a second inventory

16-340

vihuela de mano

Ordenanzas de violeros (1578, 1698)

The first regulations for the examination of violeros in Madrid were promulgated by 1578 and augmented in 1698. [Document D0380]

16-341

vihuela de mano

Ordenanzas for the examination of violeros (Lisbon, 1572)

The is the first regulations for the examination of violeros in Lisbon, promulgated by 1572. The text describes various features of the construction technique. Apprentices were required to “make a vihuela of six courses with ribs of black or red wood [=r

17-103

vihuela de mano

Vihuela of Santa Mariana de Jesús

INSTRUMENT Vihuela, early 17th century (?). Quito, Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de Loreto (de la Compañía de Jesús), belonged to Santa Mariana de Jesús (1618-1645). 6-course vihuela. Built probably early in the seventeenth century in Latin America mixing t

17-132

vihuela de mano / guitarra

El tañedor de vihuela

ARTWORK El tañedor de vihuela, painted by Jan Miel, in Rome probably between 1630 and 1650. Oil on canvas measuring 67 x 50 cm. Provenance is the Colección Real. INSTRUMENT Housed in the Prado, this painting is called El tañedor de vihuela but, if it we

17-201

guitarra

Vanitas — La muerte y el galán.

ARTWORK Oil on canvas, 100 x 162 cm, c.1650, by Pedro de Camprobín (c. 1605-1674). Some historians suggest that the painting dates from c.1650, although some references such as the Manrique edition [manriquePOESIAS] indcate 1634. This latter date seems to

17-207

guitarra

Five-course guitar

The earliest treatise on playing the 5-course guitar, an instrument described by the book’s author as being of five courses: 1st - single; 2nd & 3rd courses = unison; 4th and 5th courses = octaves. The book appears first to have been published in 1596, a

17-211

vihuela de mano

Persian man dressed as a European playing a vihuela

ARTWORK Persian painting of a Persian man dressed as a European, seated on the ground playing a vihuela. INSTRUMENT The vihuela has a long almond-shaped elongated body with cornered waists, quite anachronistic at the time the painting was executed, thoug

17-212

guitarra

Five-course Guitar

ARTWORK Etching on fol. 95v of Mersenne’s treatise showing the guitar and the various forms of chord notation: French and Italian tablature, alfabetto symbols, and Spanish tablature numbers INSTRUMENT The guitar has five double courses, completely paralle