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16-114

vihuela de mano

“Musicus” playing the vihuela. 1505-1512.

ARTWORK The choir stalls in Burgos Cathedral were built between 1505 and 1512 by the Burgundian sculptor Felipe Vigarny, probably in association with the expert wood craftsman Andrés de Nájera. The work was oresumably finished by 1512 as the old choir sta

16-115

vihuela de mano

Vihuela player from the Retablo de Jesús, Ibiza, c. 1500.

ARTWORK The altarpiece or retablo in the Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de Jesús on the town of Santa Eulalia (Ibiza) is usually called simply the “Retablo de Jesús” but has been called different names in the literature n the vihuela such as ‘La Virgen de los

16-124

vihuela de mano

Vihuela by Guadalupe, 16th century.

The oldest surviving vihuela, this instrument could date from the early 16th century. 6-course vihuela. Detailed measurements and description in Bordás 1991 33ff. Length 1123 mm; two bridge positions indicating mensurs of 757 and 798mm. The bass side of

16-143

vihuela de mano

Angel playing the vihuela.

ARTWORK The portal of the Colegiata de Santa María in Calatayud was added in the 16th century and features the alabaster decorations made by Juan de Talavera and Esteban de Oloray. Their work was completed in 1525. At the top of the arched entrance to eit

16-145

vihuela de mano / guitarra

Angel with guitar (Juan Rodríguez, c. 1525-32)

LOCATION Polychromed wood sculpture of an angel with 4-course guitar. Originally made for the altar of the Cathedral in Avila but now in the Museo catedralicio, vitrina 10, no 141. DESCRIPTION Similar shape to 6-course vihuelas. Characteristics include a

16-146

vihuela de mano

Two vihuelists, from woodcarving “the Triumphs of Caesar,” from the palace of Pedro Fajardo y Chacón, first Marqués de Vélez Blanco, Vélez Blanco (Almería).

ARTWORK This pince carving originally from the palace of Pedro Fajardo y Chacón, first Marqués de Vélez Blanco, Vélez Blanco (Almería). is based on the print by Jacopo da Strasbourg of 1503. Current location: Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris. Carlos Gon

16-147

vihuela de mano

Vihuela players in Jacopo da Strasbourg, Trivmphvs Caesaris.

ARTWORK Woodcut print in Jacopo da Strasbourg, Trivmphvs Caesaris (Venice, 1503). This illustration was the model used for the frises made for the Palace of the Marquis of Vélez Blanco (16-146). INSTRUMENTS The two vihuelas, variations on the same model

16-166

vihuela de arco

Angel playing a vihuela de arco, detail from Santa Ana enthroned with the Virgin and Child.

ARTWORK This painting is tempera and gold on wood, attributed to the Maestro de Osma (fl. 1503-1516). The provenance and current location of this painting are still unknown INSTRUMENT A finely painted vihuela de arco with small cornered waists in an othe

16-167

vihuela

Ordenanzas de los carpinteros. Ordinances for the carpenters’ guild in Seville, including violeros.

The first set of regulations promulgated in Spain to regulate the activity of violeros. See document D0358. Mostly, it sets out the way that violeros were examined and whatthey were required to know.

16-170

viola da mano (vihuela)

Viola da mano (Bergamo)

ARTWORK This is one of a group of frescos on the walls of the courtyard of a residence at 112 Via Pignolo, in Bergamo. These instruments were discovered by German artist and journalist Gennady Kuznetsov who posted some intial information on Facebook on 30

16-201

vihuela de mano

Arion playing a vihuela on the back of a Dolphin

ARTWORK The frontispiece of Narváez’s vihuela book, Los seys libros del Delphin, features a woodcut that shows the mythical figure Arion seated on the back of a dolphin playing the vihuela. It depicts the legend of the shipwrecked Arion being rescued by t

16-202

vihuela de mano

Angel playing vihuela, Gandía (Valencia).

ARTWORK This figure is the central figure of three saint musicians adorning the Convent of Santa Clara in Gandía (Valencia). A harpist stands to the left, a recorder player to the right. It is a panel from a larger painting, La Trinidad con querubines y á

16-204

vihuela de mano / guitarra

Psaltes playing the vihuela, in Alonso Mudarra, Tres Libros de Musica, 1546, Libro III, fol [58]

ARTWORK Woodcut included in Alonso Mudarra, Tres Libros de Musica, 1546, Libro III, fol [58], frame 221 of the Biblioteca Digital Hispana digital reproduction. It depicts a character named Psaltes kneeling while playing and singing. Unusually the vihuel

16-208

vihuela de mano / guitarra

Woman playing guitar

ARTWORK Detail from the frontispiece of Francisco Guerrero, Sacrae Cantiones (1555). INSTRUMENT The instrument depicted here appears to be a 4-course guitar. It is shape and features are typical of many early to mid-sixteenth century vihuelas and guitars

16-209

vihuela de mano

Seven-course vihuela

ARTWORK Woodcut print from Bermudo, Declaración de Instrumentos musicales, 1555, fol. 110. (frame 237 of the digital copy on Biblioteca Digital Hispana (E-Mn). INSTRUMENT On of the few depictions of a seven-course vihuela. The instrument is drawn with s

16-210

vihuela de mano

Vihuela

In his Libro de cifra nueva, Venegas de Henestrosa includes this woodcut of the upper half of a vihuela for the primary purpose of showing the location of the notes in relation to the numerical system of the “cifra nueva” that he was seeking to promote.

16-215

vihuela de mano

Vihuela

INSTRUMENT An elegantly proportioned vihuela de mano with taracea decorations on the soundboard. It is depicted with six strings but twelve pegs on the pegbox. This is one of the best known images of the vihuela and has been reproduced many times in many

16-216

vihuela de mano

Orpheus playing the vihuela

ARTWORK Frontsipiece of Luis Milán El Maestro, Valencia, 1536. It is not known if the print was intended in any way to be a portrait of Milán. It depicts the legendary Orpheus, surrounded by awe-struck birds and animals. He is dressed in a Grecian tunic,

16-218

vihuela de mano

Venus playing the vihuela

ARTWORK Bas-relief, by Etienne Chamet (b. ca 1515) known in Spain as Esteban Jamete or Chamete, on the main portal of the Iglesia de San Salvador, in Úbeda, (Jaén). This is the church commissioned by the Comendador Mayor de León, Francisco de los Cobos, t

16-241

vihuela de mano

Vihuela player in Luis Milán, Libro de motes de damas y caualleros: intitulado el juego de mandar. Valencia : Francisco Díaz Romano, 1535.

ARTWORK This woodcut of a courtier playing the vihuela is used 12 times in Luis Milán’s tiny book (approx. 110x80mm.) Libro de motes de damas y caualleros: intitulado el juego de mandar. Valencia : Francisco Díaz Romano, 1535. It appears on the following