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Carrión, Juan de

Active 1545-1588

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Person Born Died Gender Person ID
Juan de Carrión M P0189

Instrument(s) Professional group Social status Social sphere Why is the person listed?
vihuela violón Violero Artisan Court Maker Maker (violero)

Years active Place active Century Region
1545-1588 Toledo Madrid 16cent/3/late 17cent/1/early Castilla
Biographical information

• pratD (basado en pedrellD), 362: Violero de su majestad
• bordas1995, pp. 52-53: 1578.12.27 En esta fecha fue examinado Juan Rodríguez a maestro violero. Los veedores elegidos por el gremio fueron Juan de Carrión y Antonio Duarte. [AHPM, Prot. 982, fol 1254] • Uno de los violeros que propugnaban la reforma de los exámenes de violeros de 1584. (1584.06.21)
• romanillos2002, 67-68
1545 - leased a workshop in the area “a los violeros” in Toledo (from Reynaud)
1563- paid 34 ducados for two harps, one large and one small.
1565 - paid 6750 mrs for a harp plus repairs to a harp and a cittern.
1577 - present at a meeting of violeros in Madrid to elect overseers and examiners.
1578 - elected overseer and examiner in Madrid along with Hernando Bejerano. Document signed on his behalf by a witness because he was illiterate.
1578 - one of the examiners of Juan Rodríguez [see Appendix 3]
1578 - nominated to be overseer and examiner
1584 - one of the violeros who met to propose changes to the Ordinances [see Appendix 11]
1586 - Examined Juan de Aldaz on “una biguela llana” according to the testimony of Diego Fernández in 1607. [Appendix 5]
1587 - overseer and present at another meeting to propose further changes to the Ordinances of the guild [AHPM/Prot/leg/863/fols/467-68]
1588 - one of the examiners of Pedro Tofiño [Appendix No. 4]
Several declarations by his violero grandson Juan de Rojas Carrión in early 17th-century documents:
• (1602) that his late grandfather had invented the double harp and taught him to make this instrument
• (1602) his grandfather examined him on “arpas y biguela y biolon a imitación de los extranjeros” Romanillos translates “violón” as cello [!]
• (1621) that his grandfather had died fifteen years ago [sic!] and that he had made and repaired instruments for the King as official violero to the Royal Household.

Related persons
Juan de Rojas Carrión was his grandfather


Source documents
Date Document
1577.05.05 Gremio de violeros de Madrid.
1578.12.27 Juan de Rodríguez, violero examination.
1607-07-03 Juan de Aldaz, certification as a violero.
1621 Juan del Carrion, accounts


Bibliography
Ref Author Item Pages
bordas1995 Bordas, Cristina. “La construcción de vihuelas y guitarras en Madrid en los siglos XVI y XVII”. La guitarra en la historia 6 (1995): 47-67. 52-53
pratD Prat, Domingo. Diccionario biográfico- bibliográfico- histórico- crítico de guitarras (instrumentos afines), guitarristas (profesores - compositores - concertistas - lahudistas - amateurs), guitarreros (luthiers), danzas y cantos, terminología. Buenos Aires: Romero y Fernández, 1934; rpt Columbus OH: Editions Orphée, 1986. 362
reynaudPT Reynaud, François. La Polyphonie tolédane et son milieu des premiers témoignages aux environs de 1600. Paris: CNRS, 1996.
romanillos2002 Romanillos, José Luis and Marian Harris Winspear. The Vihuela de mano and the Spanish Guitar: A Dictionary of the Makers of Plucked and Bowed Musical Instruments of Spain (1200-2002). Guijosa (Guadalajara): Sanguino Press, 2002. 67-68
bordas1989 Bordas, Cristina. “Origen y evolución del arpa de dos órdenes.” Nassarre 5.2 (1989): 85-118. 94
pedrellD Pedrell, Felipe. Diccionario biográfico y bibliográfico de músicos y escritores de música españoles, portugueses e hispano-americanos antiguos y modernos. Barcelona: [V. Berdós, 1897- ].
corona1999 Corona-Alcalde, Antonio. “The Players and Performance Practice of the Vihuela and its related Instruments, the Lute and the Guitar, from c. 1450 to c.1650. as revealed by a Study of Literary, Musical, Theoretical, and Archival Sources”. Diss. King's College, University of London, 1999. 44-45
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