Esteban Daza

Fantasía [21] de pasos largos para desenvolver las manos


El Parnaso (1576), fol. 31


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Source title Fantasias de passos largos, para desemvoluer las manos. [por el quinto tono]
Title in contents   Fantasia por el quinto tono
Text incipit


Category abstract

Genre fantasia

Fantasia type Id+Im

Mode 5

Voices 4

Length (compases) 84


Tuning G

Courses 6

Final IV/0

Highest I//9

Lowest VI/0

Difficulty difficult


Song Text


Vocal notation


The third of four Fantasias “with certain passages to untangle the hands”. This one is in the fifth mode. The term “desenvolver las manos”, as well as the style to a significant extent, is based on Mudarra. The term literally is used to explain that the fantasia has sections of fast melodic passage work.

Four alternating sections in two contrasting styles: redobles and imitation. As a foil to the exuberant redoble style, the piece ends with a very restrained imitative section in voice pairing + coda.
I. 1-16 redobles; II. 16-24 imitation; III. 24-30 redobles >> homophonic free counterpoint a 4 (release function); IV. 30-42 imitation + coda. 2 long outer sections with shorter internal ones: II = I/2; IV = III/2.
Harmonic pattern of I. Sequences. (See analysis)

I. (I – IV – V – I harmonic pattern) – akin to diferencias. Themes 1 & 2
1 in S, 1 in T (8va) [cadence on F, bar 5]: 2 S – A – T >> 1 free bar [cadence on F, bar 9] >> 4 free bars [cadence on C, bar 14] >> 2 free bars of counter point [cadence on F, bar 16].

II. Theme 3 S (slightly mod) / A (mod to be off beat) - T – B (harmonized in 10th in S) >> 2 free bars [cadence on F, bar 24]

III. Redobles (ascend) free counterpoint (descend) >> to soft (non V-I) [cadence on C, bar 30]
Sequence of theme 4 I – IV – V – I pattern

IV. Theme 5 T/B at 2 x Crotchet [cadence on F, bar 33] S/A (5a+b) at 2 x Crotchet [interrupted cadence on d in bar 36]; T/B (5 a+b) at 2 x Crotchet [cadence on F, bar 39]

Coda 39-42 A – S – B – T [cadence on F, bar 42] voices have similar shape that is imitative over a descend theme.