|Source title||Romanesca: o guardame las vacas. Proporción tres semibreues al conpas.|
|Title in contents||Romanesca o guardame las vacas de cinco maneras.|
Length (compases) 52
Difficulty not specified
A set of 5 variations on the III-VII-i-V harmonic scheme of Guárdame las vacas. Each variation starts with this pattern, but the cadences and links are not always regualr, and the piece is unusual in the way the variations are linked into a more continuous musical fabric. This is not so common in 16th-century variations.
Pujol speculates about the name Romanesca, but it is clear that it is the name used in Italy for the same melodic-harmonic scheme that was known in Spain by the opening line of the romance wtith which it was commonly associated.
Other settings are found in the vihuela books of Narváez, Valderrábano and the Ramillete de flores manuscript as well as in numerour keyboard souces. All the known Spanish instrumental versions are available online in transcription by John Griffiths at www.Contrapunto.uva.es. All thirteen seetings be seen in one table together at http://contrapunto.uva.es/sites/default/files/x-vacas_comparativas.pdf
See commentary for na032
Bauer, Erin E. “The Spanish Diferencia: Stylistic Analysis and Compositional Influence of the Keyboard Variation from Antonio De Cabezón to Juan Bautista José Cabanilles”. Diss. The Claremont Graduate University, 2014.