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Alonso Mudarra

Conde Claros

 

Tres libros de música en cifra (1546), fol. I/15v

mu013

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Source title Conde Claros.
Title in contents   Conde Claros en doze maneras
Text incipit


Music

Category variations

Genre conde claros

Fantasia type

Mode 7/8

Voices 4

Length (compases) 79

Vihuela

Tuning G

Courses 6

Final IV/0

Highest I/10

Lowest VI/3

Difficulty not specified

Tempo medium

Song Text

Language

Vocal notation

Commentary

A set of 12 variations on the theme associated with the romance Conde Claros. It comprises a rhtythnic pattern of 12 beats divided into three groups of two and two groups of three: 2 + 2 + 2 | 3 + 3 |, harmonically to the progression I-IV-V: I-I / I-I / I-I / IV-IV-IV / V-V-V. Pujol maintains that Mudarra’s variations are conceived in increasing difficult (pujoll1949, 66). While this observation is fundamentally correct, it should not be implied that this is done for didactic purposes, it is more because that is what naturally tends to happen in sets of variations.

While the mode of the piece may be described as either 7 or 8, it is more easily described as being in a major key, given its harmonic set up.

The full text of the Conde Claros romance is In Binkley Spanish Romances (with English translation), 120-30. “Conde Claros” (Don Claros de Montalbán) was the protagonist of a popular Carolingian romance. See diaz1978

Recordings

wilson01 Vihuela Music of the Spanish Renaissance Christopher Wilson solo Milán, Narvaez, Mudarra, Valderrabano, Fuenllana, Pisador, Daza, Mendoza, López

rivera01 De los Alamos de Sevilla: 16th century Spanish vihuela music printed in Seville Juan Carlos Rivera solo Mudarra, Fuenllana

fresno02 Vihuelistas españoles del siglo XVI (II) Mudarra, Fuenllana Jorge Fresno solo Mudarra, Fuenllana

zayas01 Vihuelistas españoles del siglo XVI (IV) Rodrigo de Zayas & Anne Perret solo vihuela song Milán, Narváez, Mudarra, Valderrábano, Pisador, Fuenllana, Daza

fresno04 Alonso Mudarra: Tres libros de música en cifras para vihuela y para canto y vihuela Jorge Fresno and Rosemarie Meister solo vihuela song Mudarra

wallace05 Delphín Frank Wallace solo Milán Fuenllana Narváez Mudarra Daza

rooley01 Renaissance Fantasias Anthony Rooley solo Milán Mudarra Narváez

smith06 Alonso Mudarra - Tres libros de musica en cifras para vihuela Hopkinson Smith solo Mudarra

fernandez01 Valderrábano y los vihuelistas castellanos Alfred Fernández solo Fuenllana Valderrábano Pisador Daza López

satoh01 Vol 3_The Art of Spanish Variations. “Conde Claros” and other Spanish Vihuela Music Toyohiko Satoh, Ireen Thomas (Vihuela) solo ensemble Mudarra Milán Narváez Valderrábano Pisador Cabezón

moreno05 Canción Del Emperador - Music For Vihuela José Miguel Moreno solo Daza Mudarra Narváez Pisador Maymon Paez

bonavita01 Al compás de la vihuela Rafael Bonavita solo Pisador Narváez Milán Mudarra Fuenllana Valderrábano

ragossnig02 Musik für Laute - Music for Lute - Musique pour Luth Konrad Ragossnig Milán Mudarra Narváez

mito01 O gloriosa domina Shigeo Mito solo Milán Mudarra Narváez

hesperion10 Don Quijote de la Mancha. Romances y Músicas Hespèrion XXI, La Capella Reial de Catalunya, Jordi Savall ensemble Narváez Milán Mudarra Pisador

mito02 Let's Travel around Europe by Lute Music Part 1 - The Renaissance Era Shigeo Mito Milán Narváez Mudarra Valderrábano Fuenllana Pisador Daza

hesperion02 Canciones y Danzas de España Hespèrion XX, Jordi Savall (Hopkinson Smith, vihuela) Pisador Mudarra Narváez Vásquez

abt01 Dreams of a lost era. Spanish Renaissance Music Walter Abt Mudarra Narváez Milán Valderrábano Pisador

Song Text

Media noche era por filo,
los gallos querían cantar,
Conde Claros, con amores
no podía reposar.
(1st stanza. from Trend, The Music of Spanish History to 1600, p 104)

Intabulations
Modern edition(s)
Printed source(s)
Manuscripts