Gentleman playing the vihuela, fromTragedia Policiana (Toledo, 1547)

(1547) - GB-Lbl; D-Mb
instrument: vihuela de mano / guitarra | century: 16cent/2/mid | catalogue nº: 16-205

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Creator San Pedro, Diego de

Medium Artwork: Woodcut


City Medina del Campo | Region Castilla-León | Old kingdom Castile

Body Waisted Strings 4 strings Neck Medium Pegbox Angled flat
Bridge Fixed Frets No Back Flat Pegs Rear
Technique Plucked fingers

Anonymous woodcut print from Sebastián Fernández, Tragedia Policiana. En el qual se tractan los muy desdichados amores de Policiano y Philomena. Executados por industria de la diabolica vieja Claudina, madre de Parmeno y maestra de Celestina. Toledo: Diego Lópz, 1547. The same print appears in Diego de San Pedro, Carcel de Amor. (Medina del Campo, 1547). Two elegant well-dressed gentlemen stand below a window serenading a lady; one plays a poorly drawn vihuela, or guitar.

The vihuela or guitar has slightly incurved sides, round soundhole, what appear to be taraceas in the soundboard, and flat bridge. The number of strings is hard to ascertain and is probably limited by the medium of woodcut print. The the pegbox is at a slight angle to the neck. The instrument was first mentioned by Ward (ward1953 15)

The image is taken from the Google Books scan