City Quito | Region Ecuador | Old kingdom America
|Body Waisted||Strings 6 courses||Neck Long||Pegbox Angled flat|
|Bridge Fixed||Frets No||Back Flat||Pegs Rear|
Vihuela, early 17th century (?). Quito, Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de Loreto (de la Compañía de Jesús), belonged to Santa Mariana de Jesús (1618-1645).
6-course vihuela. Built probably early in the seventeenth century in Latin America mixing traditional design elements of Spanish vihuelas of the 16th century with decorative and design elements from Venetian guitars of the early 17th century. Detailed measurements and description in Bordás 1991, 33p. ff) Length 1015 mm; mensur 727mm. The instrument is preserved among the relics of Santa Mariana de Jesús (1618-1645). Gonzalez2012 gives a biographical sketch of the saint and her life. The instrument appears to have been built in the Americas although many features of its style are similar to European guitars of the early 17th century, in both construction and decoration. It’s decoration links it to the guitars made in Venice by Matteo Sellas 17-210. Instruments by him with similar decoration, particularly around the sound hole survive from c.1614-c.1640. The profile of the body design is also remarkably similar.
Attention was first drawn to the instrument by Chilean guitarist and lutenist Oscar Ohlsen in 1976 in an unpublished paper that circulated among enthusiasts. Ohlsen’s drawing is reproduced in paniagua1990, p. 41. Ohlsen’s information was converted into an article by Diana Poulton (poulton1976-1) in The Lute. Access to the instrument has been difficult due to it being in a glass clase with the other relics of Santa Mariana. It was inspected and photographed out of the case by in Gabriel Garrido, and later by Carlos González who appears to be the first maker to have built a replica.
For other similar instruments see
17-101, 17-201, 17-111, 17-210
Bermúdez, Egberto. “Instrumentos musicales latinoamericanos del período colonial: El arpa Tópaga (Colombia) y la vihuela de la Iglesia de la Compañia de Jesús de Quito”. Revista Musical de Venezuela 12 (1992): 155-162.
Dugot, Joël. “La Vihuela de Paris: Retour aux sources”. Los instrumentos musicales en el siglo XVI. Proceedings of the I Encuentro Tomás Luis de Victoria y la música española del siglo XVI (Avila, May 1993). Avila: Fundación Cultural Sta. Teresa, 1997. 113-21.