Medium Artwork: Woodcut
City Medina del Campo | Region Castilla-León | Old kingdom Castile
|Body Waisted||Strings 5 courses||Neck Medium||Pegbox R/Angled flat|
|Bridge Fixed||Frets Unclear||Back Flat||Pegs Front|
|Technique Plucked fingers|
Woodcut of a gentleman playing a vihuela published in Luys de Castillo, Canción hecha por luys de castillo con su glosa. (Medina del Campo, 1535).
It is described in ward1953, 14. The version here is a more refined version of the same design used by Francisco Díaz Romano in 1535 in Milán’s Libro de motes de damas y caballeros (16-241). Another version is used in 1603 (17-130). It is also used in 16-217,
The image shown here is from Salvá y Mallén, Catálogo de la Biblioteca de Salvá (salva1872, p. 6) available in Google Books.
The vihuela is well proportioned, with quite a long body, although quite narrow. The upper and lower bouts are approximately equal width. The bridge is place very low on the body. The neck is short (neck-body join at about 10th fret) and the pegbox is bent back at right angles, with 3 pegs shown, seemingly inserted from the top. The instrument appears to have 5 strings, but this is not certain.