Medium Artwork: Painting
City Cagliari, Sardinia | Region Italy | Old kingdom Aragon
|Body Waisted||Strings 6 strings||Neck Long||Pegbox Obscured|
|Bridge Fixed||Frets Yes||Back Flat||Pegs Obscured|
|Technique Plucked fingers|
Tempera and oil on wood with gold background. Dated after 1492. Size of remaining fragments 389 x 272 cm. The figure playing the vihuela is a male angel, and is one of six intrumentalists who probably flanked the central panel of the retablo. More information about the painting from http://www.pinacoteca.cagliari.beniculturali.it/index.php?it/99/ricerca-avanzata/19/retablo-della-porziuncola accessed 25/03/2018
This vihuela is highly consistent with the other two painted by the Master of Castelsardo (15-301a, 15-360). The body is small with purfled edges and incurved waists, and both bouts of about the same width. It has a fixed bridge with the strings clearly tied to it, and a single soundhole with rosette centred at the widest point of the upper bout. The soundbox is decidedly shallow. The neck is curtailed and the pegbox is not shown. The instrument is being plucked close to the bridge with thumb and index fingers in the same plane, neither thumb-in nor thumb-out. The thickness and colour of the neck, the same as the ribs, could be evidence of monoxylic construction.
An excellent digital reproduction was available at Sardegna Digital Library but could not be found on return investigation on 25/03/2018.
Scanu, Marco Antonio. “Il retablo della Porziuncola del Maestro di Castelsardo nella Pinacoteca Nazionale di Cagliari. Rilettura delle vicende e dell’ iconografia”. Biblioteca Francescana Sarda 15 (2013): 113-182.
Pasolini, Alessandra (ed.). I retabli sardo-catalani dalla ﬁne del XV agli inizi del XVI secolo e il Maestro di Castelsardo. Atti delle Giornate di Studio Cagliari, Cittadella dei Musei 13-14 dicembre 2012. Cagliari: Janus, 2013.